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FOLEY is the technique of augmenting or replacing sounds and noises to enhance the visual illusion.  For example, in all of the “Dirty Harry” movies, Clint Eastwood’s gun fires with a stronger sound than the villain’s gun (even if it is the same).

Foley work used to be done exclusively in a studio that contained many devices for creating sound effects (such as various small creaky doors, boxes of broken glass to be dropped, etc).  These days many people use a library of sound effects instead.

Often there are multiple foley passes made that address footsteps of main and background characters, and also props such as swords. Processing and building up a bunch of small sounds can create innovative effects.

Foley can contribute to the illusion of a film by adding additional emphasis (such as creaking sounds adding a sense of heaviness).